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Jul 30 2012

King Andrew and the Bank

http://www.neh.gov/humanities/2008/januaryfebruary/feature/king-andrew-and-the-bank

On July l0, 1832, President Andrew Jackson sent a message to the United States Senate. He returned unsigned, with his objections, a bill that extended the charter of the Second Bank of the United States, due to expire in 1836, for another fifteen years. As Jackson drily noted, the bill was presented to him on the Fourth of July, a day freighted with portent.

In his veto message, Jackson (founder of the Democratic party) warned that the bank was unconstitutional and a threat to liberty. Here is an excerpt of his words:

It is to be regretted that the rich and powerful too often bend the acts of government to their selfish purposes. Distinctions in society will always exist under every just government. Equality of talents, of education, or of wealth can not be produced by human institutions. In the full enjoyment of the gifts of Heaven and the fruits of superior industry, economy, and virtue, every man is equally entitled to protection by law; but when the laws undertake to add to these natural and just advantages artificial distinctions, to grant titles, gratuities, and exclusive privileges, to make the rich richer and the potent more powerful, the humble members of society–the farmers, mechanics, and laborers–who have neither the time nor the means of securing like favors to themselves, have a right to complain of the injustice of their Government. There are no necessary evils in government. Its evils exist only in its abuses. If it would confine itself to equal protection, and, as Heaven does its rains, shower its favors alike on the high and the low, the rich and the poor, it would be an unqualified blessing.

After Jacksons veto in 1836, the Second National Bank became a private corporation and then was liquidated in 1841. Nearly eighty years later, in 1913, Woodrow Wilson signed the Federal Reserve System Act into law, creating the Federal Reserve System and today we are still arguing about the balance between the purpose it serves and the threat to our liberty.