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Jul 03 2015

Prelude to US Civil War – Timeline

Here are some key events from the timeline of the US Civil War:

  • 1857 – US Supreme Court decision in “Dred Scott v. Sanford” excluded blacks from citizenship and permitted slavery in all new territories, declaring the 1820 Missouri Compromise as unconstitutional
  • 1858 – Lincoln – Douglas debates
  • 1859 – Oct 16 – John Brown raids the US armory in Harpers Ferry, VA
  • 1860
    • Nov 6 – Abraham Lincoln elected President
    • Nov 23 – Maj. Anderson requests reinforcements for his forces in Charleston Harbor, SC
    • Dec 10 – South Carolina secedes from the Union
    • Dec 26 – Maj. Anderson consolidates federal forces in Charleston Harbor, SC to Fort Sumter, SC troops occupy the evacuated facilities
    • Dec 28 – SC demands that President Buchanan remove federal forces from Charleston
    • Dec 31 – President Buchanan announces he will not remove federal forces from Charleston
  • 1861
    • Jan 3 – Georgia troops seize Fort Pulaski
    • Jan 4 – Alabama troops seize the US Arsenal in Mt. Vernon, AL
    • Jan 5 – Alabama troops seize Fort Morgan and Fort Gaines
    • Jan 5 – The civilian steamship, “Star of the West”, is hired to transport supplies and reinforcements to Fort Sumter
    • Jan 6 – Florida troops seize the US Arsenal in Apalachicola
    • Jan 7 – Florida troops seize Fort Marion
    • Jan 9 – Cadets from the Citadel, a military college in Charleston, SC, fire upon “Star of the West”, forcing it to turn around and leave before reinforcing Fort Sumter
    • Jan 9 – Mississippi secedes from the Union
    • Jan 10 – Florida secedes from the Union
    • Jan 10 – Federal troops consolidate forces to Fort Pickens in Pensacola Harbor – Florida troops seize the evacuated facilities
    • Jan 10 – Louisiana troops seize Fort Jackson, Fort St. Philip, and the US Arsenal at Baton Rouge
    • Jan 11 – Alabama secedes from the Union
    • Jan 14 – Louisiana troops seize Fort Pike
    • Jan 19 – Georgia secedes from the Union
    • Jan 19 – Kansas becomes the 34th state
    • Jan 20 – Mississippi troops seize Fort Massachusetts on Ship Island
    • Jan 24 – Georgia troops seize the US Arsenal in Augusta, GA
    • Jan 26 – Louisiana secedes from the Union
    • Jan 26 – Georgia troops seize Fort Jackson and Oglethorpe barracks in Savannah, GA
    • Jan 28 – Louisiana troops seize Fort Macomb
    • Jan 29 – Louisiana troops seize US Cutter, “Robert McClelland” in New Orleans
    • Jan 30 – Alabama troops seize US Cutter, “Lewis Cass” in Mobile, AL
    • Jan 31 – Louisiana troops seize US Schooner, “Washington”
    • Feb 1 – Texas secedes from the Union
    • Feb 4 – Provisional Congress of the seceded states convenes in Montgomery, Alabama
    • Feb 8 – The Confederate States of America (CSA) is formed
    • Feb 8 – Arkansas troops seize the US Arsenal in Little Rock
    • Feb 16 – Texas troops seize the US Arsenal at San Antonio
    • Feb 18 – US General Twiggs surrenders many US posts and forces to Texas and joins the CSA – many federal forces abandon posts in TX during March and April
    • Feb 18 – Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as President of the CSA
    • Feb 28 – Colorado becomes a US territory
    • Mar 2 – A bill which became known as the “Morrill Tariff”, was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Buchanan. The tariff reversed the “Tariff of 1857”, which was designed as a compromise – this tariff was unacceptable to the South and was a key reason for the war
    • Mar 2 – The 13th amendment to the US Constitution, aka “the Corwin Amendment” was passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification – this amendment established slavery as a permanent institution – it was never ratified
    • Mar 4 – Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as 16th President of the US
    • Mar 11 – The Constitution of the CSA is adopted
    • Mar 20 – CSA troops seize the USS “Isabella” in Mobile, AL
    • Mar 28 – US Army General Scott recommends withdrawal from Fort Sumter
    • Apr 8 – US Cutter, “Harriet Lane” heads to Ft Sumter with supplies from New York
    • Apr 10 – USS “Pawnee” heads to Ft Sumter from Norfolk
    • Apr 12 – the bombardment of Fort Sumter in South Carolina begins the US Civil War
    • Apr 13 – Fort Sumter surrenders to the CSA
    • Apr 15 – President Lincoln calls on states to supply 75,000 militiamen to suppress the rebellion
    • Apr 15 – North Carolina troops seize Fort Caswell and Fort Johnston
    • Apr 17 – Virginia secedes from the Union
    • Apr 19 – President Lincoln declares a naval blockade of CSA
    • May 6 – Arkansas secedes from the Union
    • May 7 – Tennessee secedes from the Union
    • May 20 – North Carolina secedes from the Union
    • Jul 21 – First battle of Bull Run/Manassas
    • Jul 25 – US Congress passes the Crittenden Johnson resolution which states the war is being fought not to end slavery, but to preserve the Union – this resolution was repealed in Dec 1861
    • Aug 5 – the revenue act of 1861 establishes the first income tax by the US govt.
    • Oct 31 – Missouri secedes from the Union (with controversy over a split in the state govt)